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Elbow prosthetic surgery is typically performed by an orthopedic surgeon specializing in upper extremity procedures. The surgical technique involves removing the damaged joint surfaces and securely attaching the prosthetic components to the humerus, ulna, and/or radius bones. Post-operative rehabilitation is essential for optimal recovery and functional outcomes. Physical therapy and exercises are prescribed to improve strength, range of motion, and overall elbow joint function.


The elbow joint is a complex hinge joint that enables the bending and extension of the arm. It consists of three main bones: the humerus (upper arm bone), the ulna (forearm bone), and the radius (another forearm bone). Elbow prosthetics aim to replicate the natural movement and mechanics of the elbow joint, providing stability, flexibility, and a range of motion

There are different types of elbow prosthetics available, and the specific choice depends on various factors such as the patient’s condition, functional requirements, and personal preferences. Here are some common types:

  1. Total Elbow Replacement: This procedure involves replacing the damaged elbow joint with an artificial joint. The prosthetic components used in total elbow replacement typically consist of metal alloys, such as cobalt-chromium or titanium, and high-density polyethylene. These components are designed to replicate the articulation and motion of a healthy elbow joint.

  2. Radial Head Replacement: In cases where only the radial head (the portion of the radius that interacts with the humerus) is damaged or needs to be replaced, a radial head prosthesis can be utilized. This type of prosthetic implant replaces the damaged radial head, allowing for improved forearm rotation and stability in the elbow joint.

It’s important to note that elbow prosthetics have limitations, and individual outcomes may vary depending on factors such as the patient’s overall health, adherence to post-operative rehabilitation, and specific challenges related to each case.

Elbow prosthetics have significantly improved over the years, providing individuals with enhanced functionality and the ability to perform various activities. These artificial elbows have played a crucial role in restoring independence and improving the quality of life for individuals with elbow joint dysfunction or loss. Consulting with an orthopedic specialist is important to determine the most suitable treatment plan and type of elbow prosthetic based on individual needs.